Dear Gov. Newsome and all virtue signaling EV tyrants…
Excerpt from abstract:
“Future scenarios of the Spanish electricity grid confirm that a massive introduction of renewable energies would lead to a 19.26% and 27.41% decrease of CO2-eq emissions in 2030 and 2050, respectively. Nevertheless, current and future energy scenario predictions show that electric vehicles will produce an increase in fine particulate matter formation (26%), human carcinogenic (20%) and non-carcinogenic toxicity (61%), terrestrial ecotoxicity (31%), freshwater ecotoxicity (39%), and marine ecotoxicity (41%) relative to petrol vehicles. Transfer of environmental burdens from the use phase to the raw materials extraction and manufacturing phases entails a delocalisation of the impacts, which constitutes a new challenge at environmental, social, and legal levels. This study is the first comparative analysis of the environmental impacts of passenger vehicles in Spain from a cradle-to-grave perspective, considering different impact categories and time scopes.”
Bud’s comment: The only thing harmful thing about water vapor and CO2 (the major greenhouse gases) is the people promoting the global warming /climate change fraud.
Comparative life cycle assessment of conventional, electric and hybrid passenger vehicles in Spain
GonzaloPuig-Samper Naranjo David Bolonio Marcelo F.Ortega María-Jesús García-Martínez Department of Energy and Fuels – Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas y Energía, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Calle Ríos Rosas 8 28003, Madrid, Spain
Received 27 June 2020, Revised 13 November 2020, Accepted 4 January 2021, Available online 8 January 2021, Version of Record 20 January 2021.
#ClimateChange #IPCC #GlobalWarming #ClimateCrisis #Sustainability #NetZero #EPA #EndangermentFinding #CO2 #ClimatePolicy #EnergyPolicy #FossilFuel #Henry’sLaw #CleanAirAct