How to Destroy a Nation

Watch:

 

Sun Tzu. The Art of War. Full book pdf for free.

https://ia600503.us.archive.org/28/items/ArtOfWarBySunTzu/Art-of-War-%20by%20sun%20tzu.pdf

Sun Tzu – Deciphering Sun Tzu How to Read The Art of War.  This free book at the link below provides an overall theoretical framework for understanding Chinese strategic thought in Sun Tzu’s ‘The Art of War,’ This will help Western readers understand the different components as well as the horizontal and vertical dimensions of Chinese strategic thought—in other words, the system of Chinese strategic thought as a whole. Second, the book aims to provide a more detailed historical analysis of the factors and developments responsible for the making of The Art of War. The book explores the military, strategic, diplomatic, and cultural origins of The Art of War and Sun Tzu’s zeitgeist, thereby providing an analysis that tran-scends the old and ineffective method of studying Sun Tzu’s maxims in a decontextualized and almost purely theoretical manner. Free pdf download.

https://ia802906.us.archive.org/8/items/SunTzuDecipheringSunTzuHowToReadTheArtOfWar/Sun%20Tzu%20-%20Deciphering%20Sun%20Tzu%20How%20to%20Read%20The%20Art%20of%20War.pdf

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Wake up the UN. The earth is greening.

“We now have over 35 years of Landsat satellite imagery showing that with increasing carbon dioxide the planet is greening,and plant life is flourishing. Yet, the UN reports ignore the benefits of CO2.”

“Recently, the UK had children protesting CO2 emissions under the banner of “Extinction Rebellion,” implying that continued CO2 emissions will cause extinction. These events and the new UN report prompt a perplexing question: which group is more immature? The children of the Extinction Rebellion, who believe adults claiming dangers of CO2. Or, the “experts” at the UN claiming 1,000,000 species are about to go extinct from CO2, despite decades of evidence showing plant life is flourishing from more CO2.”

~ Ken Haapala, President, Science and Environment Policy Project, May 11, 2019.

Link to key paper: Greening of the Earth and its driversBy Zaichun Zhu, et al. Nature Climate Change, Apr 25, 2016 https://www.nature.com/articles/nclimate3004

Link to NASA Web Site: Carbon Dioxide Fertilization Greening Earth, Study FindsBy Samson Reiny, NASA, Apr 26, 2016 https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2016/carbon-dioxide-fertilization-greening-earth

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A few important CO2 facts

Regardless how one might construe the atmospheric physics of CO2, a few critical facts remain, and the subject is academic:

(1) There is a statistically significant correlation between temperature and CO2 emissions and these data are robust.

(2) The current trend of increasing CO2 is a consequence (an effect) of warming, not the cause of warming.

(3) The 300% increase in CO2 emissions from fossil fuels since 2000 is so small relative to the overall net natural CO2 increasing trend that it is undetectable, and

(4) since human-produced CO2 is not affecting the overall net rate of CO2 increase, then by logical inference human-produced CO2 cannot be significantly affecting temperature, and

(5) these data are statistically robust.

(6) Warmer oceans desorb CO2 into air and colder water absorbs CO2 into the water.

(7) There is about 50 times more CO2 in the oceans than in the atmosphere, and the oceans are an infinite sink for CO2, such that the oceans can never become acidic due to CO2. There is not enough carbon on earth to make the pH of the oceans less than 7, or acidic.

(8) Except for limited runs done of the Russian climate model, the other 100+ climate models fail to validate, that is the models fail to predict known temperatures,

(9) The Russian climate model predicts cooling, not warming.

(10) The hypothesis of human-caused global warming due to CO2 is falsified.

(11) The only pathway for carbon to enter the food chain that sustains life on this planet is via atmospheric CO2 absorption by plants.

(12) Since atmospheric CO2 concentration is not far above paleo historic lows, efforts to limit CO2 emissions are by definition self-destructive.

(13) Far more people die from cold than from warmth.

(14) According to satellite studies the planet is getting greener as CO2 concentration increases.

(15) The predicted sensitivity of climate to increasing CO2 which is found in many years of peer-reviewed science publication has been declining.

(16) Despite the large and continuing increase in total atmospheric CO2 concentration, of which 99.9% is non-human, no statistically significant increase is detected in the rate of change of sea level increase. This is contrary to AGW theory and UN IPCC predictions.

(17) Despite the large and continuing increase in total atmospheric CO2 concentration, of which 99.9% is non-human, no “tropical hotspot” is detectable, contrary to AGW theory and UN IPCC prediction.

(16) Earth is reliably predicted to have recently entered a cooling trend.

(17) CO2 trend and temperature trend are diverging, contrary to AGW theory.

 

References

  • Professor Salby:

 

 

  • Professor Munshi:

https://budbromley.blog/2019/05/01/responsiveness-of-atmospheric-co2-to-anthropogenic-emissions-by-jamal-munshi/

https://budbromley.blog/2019/05/06/no-correlation-between-fossil-fuel-emissions-and-atmospheric-co2/

  • Professor Valentina V. Zharkova:

 

 

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Those promoting human-caused global warming are hucksters

Those promoting human-caused global warming are hucksters and those taken in by hucksters. Hucksters like Jimmy Kimmel, George Clooney, Al Gore, AOC, Barack Obama, the United Nations, the European Union, the Sierra Club, Greenpeace, CNN, NBC, ABC, CBS, the New York Times, The Washington Post, and the political leaders of over 100 nations.
Please consider NASA Sees Climate Cooling Trend Thanks to Low Sun Activity.
“We see a cooling trend,” said Martin Mlynczak of NASA’s Langley Research Center. “High above Earth’s surface, near the edge of space, our atmosphere is losing heat energy. If current trends continue, it could soon set a Space Age record for cold.”
The new data is coming from NASA’s Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry or SABER instrument, which is onboard the space agency’s Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite. SABER monitors infrared radiation from carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitric oxide (NO), two substances that play a vital role in the energy output of our thermosphere, the very top level of our atmosphere.
“The thermosphere always cools off during Solar Minimum. It’s one of the most important ways the solar cycle affects our planet,” said Mlynczak, who is the associate principal investigator for SABER.
The new NASA findings are in line with studies released by UC-San Diego and Northumbria University in Great Britain last year, both of which predict a Grand Solar Minimum in coming decades due to low sunspot activity. Both studies predicted sun activity similar to the Maunder Minimum of the mid-17th to early 18th centuries, which coincided to a time known as the Little Ice Age, during which temperatures were much lower than those of today.
Clooney’s video:   https://youtu.be/0Ab4BRAQElw
Article above is by Mike Sherlock atTownhall.com, Jan 30 2019, except first paragraph and Clooney’s video.

Then there is this from Time Magazine.  http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/printout/0,8816,944914,00.html?fbclid=IwAR02tacIOY-yem4rq0fqKNfifHmB8GLdBzpygHAEZJmZScTFr2W5gAXUozU

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Former CIA Officer explains Spygate

Former CIA Officer Kevin Shipp explains Spygate.  “This is the most shocking violation of the Constitution and criminal activity in the history, not just of America, but of a western government,” said Shipp. “Much of this rises to the level of treason. People need to understand how shocking this is. It was a clear conspiracy…There will be arrests and indictments without question…This was a coup. It was a conspiracy. It was criminal activity. These people need to be indicted, charged and need to be put in prison, and if they’re not, then our Constitution is nothing more than a sham.”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=89&v=hRPn06VovvE

U.S. Attorney General Barr Appoints US Attorney to Investigate Govt Spying on Trump Campaign.  Barr appointed the same guy that investigated CIA destruction of torture videotapes.

https://bongino.com/breaking-barr-appoints-us-attorney-to-investigate-fbi-spying-on-trump-campaign/


Kevin Shipp bio

Kevin Shipp, former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Officer, intelligence and counter terrorism expert, held several high-level positions in the CIA.

He is the only CIA officer in history to publicly expose government illegal activity and cover up, stand up against the state secrets privilege at great personal risk, and build a secret code in the manuscript of his book.

His assignments included:

  • Category 1 CIA Officer
  • Protective agent for the Director of the CIA
  • Counterintelligence investigator searching for moles inside the CIA
  • Overseas counter terrorism operations officer and HUMINT collector
  • Internal security investigator
  • Chief of training for the CIA federal police force
  • Polygraph examiner
  • Program Manager, Department of State Ant-terrorism Assistance Program
  • Supervisor, high risk protective detail for Afghan President Mohammed Karzai

Awards:

  • Recipient of two CIA Meritorious Unit Citations, three Exceptional Performance Awards and a Medallion for high risk overseas operations

Education:

  • Bachelor’s degree in biology
  • Master’s level degree in forensic psycho physiology
  • Certified CIA counter terrorism driving instructor, counter surveillance and tactical firearms instructor

Author:

  • Best-selling book, From the Company of Shadows – an expose’ on CIA operations and the abuse of government secrecy

Mr. Shipp has come out to expose what he calls, “The Shadow Government/Deep State,” the massive system of secrecy and corruption that controls the elected US government behind the scenes.

He publishes monthly video updates on the Shadow Government/Deep State, alerts on illegal and corporate government surveillance, government violations of the US Constitution, and what you can do about it.

4loveoffreedom@gmail.com                                                                                                                                  

Links:

Donate/video production, travel expenses https://www.paypal.me/ascentllc

Monthly Sponsor Only videos: Patreon.com/Kevin_Shipp

Twitter Updates: @Kevin_Shipp

You Tube channel:

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCAGBT7-06gECLJus3o2SE3w

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The Bankers Did It

When you are sitting there in real time you realize that you are neither one nor the other. We are neither a democracy nor a republic. That is the beauty and genius of it. Ideology be damned, they said. Give us freedom or give us death. Crazy King George went nuts.

Now it is the almighty dollar (bearing the stamp of a different George, one who was not crazy,  and to be king of America) that holds the world back along with the gravity of all its souls. The bankers created a monster.

The people must regain control of the dictionary, the definitions of words.

The government and mainstream media are writing the dictionaries.

Social media does that for them.

Therefore, freedom of speech, press, religion, thought and right of assembly must be protected by the U.S. government.

The people and their government must protect search engines from any monopolizing forces, which includes the NSA, Facebook, Microsoft, ARM, the courts, the military and its industrial complex, the CFR.  All of these can be bought.

If you owe anything, you can be bought.

Genius isn’t it.

Debt is institutionalized transaction fees.

They turned the U.S. dollar from an asset to a liability.

And they will expect the rest of us to pay for their mistake.

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Spying

F.B.I. Sent Investigator Posing as Assistant to Meet With Trump Aide in 2016

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/02/us/politics/fbi-government-investigator-trump.html#click=https://t.co/oHqt5LAdVs

Carter Page FISA Documents Are Released by Justice Department

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/21/us/politics/carter-page-fisa.html

Then Special Prosecutor (Robert Mueller, former head of the FBI) was appointed by the DOJ with unlimited legal powers who hired an army of lawyers and investigators and spent more than two years and millions of taxpayer dollars looking for evidence that Trump or his campaign had colluded with the Russians.  All of those investigators and lawyers were anti-Trump, in fact so anti-Trump that Mueller had to fire several of them because their pre-election anti-Trump internal communications became evident in the investigation.

It was not out of his goodness or his legal ethics that Muelller fired them.  If Mueller did not fire them, if they had found any evidence, that evidence would have been useless and thrown out of court along with the lawyers.

Mueller and his army found no evidence that Trump or his team colluded with Russians.  They ended their investigation 2 weeks ago and submitted their report.

However, Mueller’s investigation revealed evidence that the warrant was obtained illegally from the FISA court by the Obama DOJ and FBI.  Musical chairs is in play among the evil doers and soon we will see where that illegal buck stopped.  The documents used by the Obama DOJ and FBI as evidence presented in the FISA court were faked.  They had been created by a former British government spy named Steele.  Steele was paid to create that ‘dossier’ of fake information by the Hillary Clinton campaign, the Democrat National Committee, and the FBI under former FBI Director Comey.  Steele delivered the Steele documents to Senator John McCain and McCain delivered them to Comey, who no doubt already knew they were being prepared.  This back-door delivery method gained some support for the Special Prosecutor investigation among McCain and his Republican never-Trump friends.

Reminds me of binge-watching the Godfather movie series.

Trump knew all of this nefariousness officially from his first day as President.  Unofficially, Trump knew this in 2016 because a high-level U.S. intelligence official told Trump in 2016.  That intel official knew the spying was happening and knew it was illegal, and that person risked their career and life to blow the whistle.  That day, Trump closed his campaign headquarters in Trump Tower in Manhattan and relocated his headquarters.  Thanks to the insider whistleblower, Trump knew his headquarters was bugged.

In addition, Stefan Halper, a longtime source for the CIA and British intelligence, had been tasked during the FBI’s Russia investigation to chat up three Trump campaign advisers: Carter Page, George Papadopoulos and Sam Clovis. This was in addition to the earlier revelations discussed above that the Obama Justice Department and FBI had obtained warrants to eavesdrop on Carter Page’s communications, beginning about three weeks before the 2016 election.  All of this spying was based on false pretenses… aka lies.

In addition, it is also known that the information gathered was shared with Obama administration people and Hillary Clinton’s campaign before the election and continued after Trump’s inaugeration, in other words after those bad people were out of office.  This is the unmasking scandal involving Susan Rice.  Obama people still held their top security clearances and many remained inside the government, the deep state swamp as well as former Obama administration people had access to it.

Now you know why Democrats, former Obama officials and RINO Republicans are very afraid and behaving so badly.  They are in big, big trouble and they know it.  They are distracting people with talk of impeachment, Trump’s taxes, continuing investigations, etc.   But, reality is, if Trump were impeached and then tried in the Senate and removed from office, then Mike Pence would become President.  First, Pence is a true conservative and neither Democrats nor RINO Republicans want that.  Second, they all know an impeachment trial occurs in the U.S. Senate, which is controlled by Republicans, and that a 2/3 vote of the Senate is required for impeachment.  In other words, especially now in light of the Special Prosecutor’s investigation and report, there is no chance of removing Trump by the impeachment process.  All the press noise, Democrat hand wringing, Hollywood vibe, and sophomoric Congresswomen are a distraction for the attention of never-Trumpers.  It is a deception in the public and mainstream media to give the criminals and swamp-dwellers time to prepare their defense.

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Problem: what do we do with the global warming religionists?

Anthropogenic warming WELL BELOW the potentially dangerous range has been reported by Idso (1998), Miskolczi (2007), Paltridge et al. (2009), Gerlich and Tscheuschner (2009), Lindzen and Choi (2009, 2011), Spencer and Braswell (2010), Clark (2010), Kramm and Dlugi (2011), Lewis and Curry (2014), Skeie et al. (2014), Lewis (2015) and Volokin and ReLlez (2015), among others.

Estimates for CO2 “climate sensitivity” to CO2 in peer-reviewed science papers is declining over the years.

Climate-Sensitivity-Value-Estimates-Declining-Scafetta-2017

The so-called climate models, except the Russian one, are not producing accurate climate numbers even when known, measured climate facts are substituted for climate variables in the computer programs.

Climate models versus climate observations

 

The volume of ice at the poles is increasing, opposite the doom and gloom melt down scenarios by global warming proponents.

Arctic-sea-ice-volume-sham-predictions-2018

And there is evidence of slight cooling as has been predicted by Russian climate models and a growing number of scientists.

Cold

And there are reasonable theories to explain their cooling forecasts.

Climate Bicentenial component of Solar Irradiance

And we know scientifically and intuitively that warmer is better for humans and most other living things.  Weather-related fatalities are higher in colder weather and longivity is better in warmer climates.  The world is still waiting for the warmth promised more than three decades ago.

Flat temperature

The so-called “social benefits” of increasing CO2 are well known in both science and economics. 

benefits-of-increased-co2

 

Bezdek 2014 p127

The long term CO2 concentration trend has been in decline for millions of years.

CO2decline_FB_SSoAGW_Wrightstone

CO2 in the atmosphere is the only pathway for carbon, the building block for all cellular life on earth, to enter the food chain and since science has discovered that higher total CO2 concentration is making the planet greener, and since the human contribution of CO2 by our use of fossil fuels, concrete production, etc is negligible to the growth rate of  total CO2 concentration, and since real pollution (non-CO2 pollution) from fossil is

Fossil Fuel Impact on Environment

steeply declining as fuels and engines are engineered for cleaner burning, then…

A rational person – even a politician or talking head media thing – would logically conclude that something is wrong with so-called climate scientists and their supporters.  Proponents might conclude that they might be included in the inevitable list of defendants.  But, the there is a problem with the clique of climate scientists and their supporters.

The problem is: what does society do with these hysterical deniers of reality and facts?  What will replace the billions of dollars per year in the economy which has been flowing to these flat-earth religionists and social engineers?  It would be a big hole in the GDP if  these billions of dollars were stopped.

In America at least the two wings of the big government political party have decided to borrow and spend on infrastructure, roads, bridges, powergrid, airports, powerplants, pipelines, that sort of thing, rather than waste it on more failed computer models and modelers and distribution of public weath to their cronies and the so-called sustainable or green projects supported by the UN and the EU and their other co-religionists.

cartoon-green-hoax

Where do citizens sign up to pay our share of engagement fees to class-action plaintiffs attorneys to sue these mendacious religionists and benevolent liars for billions of dollars in damages, triple that amount, due to their fraud?  The infrastructure fixes will take decades.  Meanwhile, some people will have increasing heating bills and will need to recover the money that has been nefariously directed to millionaires and their cronies under false pretenses.

As the Editorial in Investors Business Daily stated it March 29, 2018, titled “The Stunning Statistical Fraud Behind the Global Warming Scare,” “Global Warming: The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration may have a boring name, bt it has an important job: It measures U.S. temperatures.  Unfortunately, it seems to be a captive of the global warming religion.  Its data are fraudulent.”  Then there is the carbon credit fraud.  Then there is the mail fraud solicitation of funds under false pretenses.

Attention and funds have been drained away from real issues by people who proclaimed themselves to be experts and some colluded together to blacklist and threaten those who did not believe in their religion.   And now they are essentially yelling “Fire!” in a theatre with no doors.  What do we do with them?


References:

Idso, S.B. 1998. CO2-induced global warming: a skeptic’s view of potential climate change. Climate Research 10: 69-82.

Miskolczi, F. 2007. Greenhouse effect in semi-transparent planetary atmospheres. Quarterly Journal of the. Hungarian Meteorological Service 111: 1-40.

Paltridge, G., Arking, A. and Pook, M. 2009. Trends in middle- and upper-level tropospheric humidity from NCEP reanalysis data. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 98: 351-359.

Gerlich, G. and Tscheuschner, R.D. 2009. Falsification of the atmospheric CO2 Greenhouse effects within the frame of physics. International Journal of Modern Physics B 23: 275-224.

Lindzen, R.S. and Choi, Y.S. 2009. On the determination of climate feedbacks from ERBE data. Geophysical Research Letters 36: 10.1029/2009GL039628.

Lindzen, R.S. and Choi, Y.S. 2011. On the observational determination of climate sensitivity and its implications. Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 47: 377-390.

Spencer, R.W. and Braswell, W.D. 2010. On the diagnosis of radiative feedback in the presence of unknown radiative forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research 115: 10.1029/2009JD013371.

Clark, R. 2010. A null hypothesis for CO2. Energy and Environment 21: 171-200.

Kramm, G. and Dlugi, R. 2011. Scrutinizing the atmospheric greenhouse effect and its climatic impact. Natural Science3: 971-988.

Lewis, N. and Curry, J.A. 2014. The implications for climate sensitivity of AR5 forcing and heat uptake estimates.Climate Dynamics 45: 1009-1023.

Skeie, R.B., Berntsen, T., Aldrin, M., Holdren, M. and Myhre, G. 2014. A lower and more constrained estimate of climate sensitivity using updated observations and detailed radiative forcing time series. Earth System Dynamics 5: 139-175.

Lewis, N. 2015. Pitfalls in climate sensitivity estimation. WCRP Grand Challenge Workshop: Earth’s Climate Sensitivities, Rindberg, Germany.

Volokin, D. and ReLlez, L. 2015. Emergent model for predicting the average surface temperature of rocky planets with diverse atmospheres. Advances in Space Research 10.1016/j.asr.2015.08.006.

Salby, Murry L. 2012. Physics of the Atmosphere and Climate, 2nd Edition. ISBN-13: 978-0521767187.

 

 

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No correlation between fossil fuel emissions and atmospheric CO2

“This short note is a validation of a previous work which found no correlation between changes in atmospheric CO2 and fossil fuel emissions at an annual time scale. In this work, this result is tested for robustness with respect to sample period selection within a range of data availability. A resampling procedure similar to bootstrap is used. Resampling ensures that the failure to find a correlation is not an artifact of the sample period chosen. The results validate the robustness of the previous finding and imply that here is no evidence that atmospheric CO2 is responsive to fossil fuel emissions at an annual time scale net of long term trends. This result is robust. It holds for all possible combination of years in the study period 1958-2015 1 .”
~ RESPONSIVENESS OF ATMOSPHERIC CO2 TO FOSSIL FUEL EMISSIONS: PART 2, by Professor Jamal Munshi.
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Responsiveness of Atmospheric CO2 to Anthropogenic Emissions: by Professor Jamal Munshi

The paper below is exceptionally informative science by Professor Jamal Munshi.  The examples used are helpful to understanding the statistical tools used.  Since this work only involves two components of a single climate variable, CO2, the many other climate variables cancel out and may be ignored for the purpose of this work.  This is extremely important because simultaneity bias, which should always be removed from the many entangled, interdependent climate variables but unfortunately has been rarely considered in climate studies, requires difficult math including many assumptions and uncertainties, which are not needed in this method.  This is a home run.

Summarizing, the human contribution to CO2 by burning fossil fuels is so small that it has no measurable effect on the overall natural growth rate of CO2. By logical inference, human CO2 cannot have any measurable effect on global temperature.

Dr. Munshi is Professor Emeritus at Sonoma State University.  He taught applied statistics in the Business Administration department.  He earned a BS Chemical Engineering at San Jose State University, MS Chemical Engineering Colorado School of Mines, and PhD from University of Arkansas.

I have copied below only the abstract, introduction and conclusions.  I strongly encourage you to take the time to read and consider the other sections of this excellent and brief paper including the excellent graphics and references. A link to the online paper is below where you can download a pdf version.

Bud

 

RESPONSIVENESS OF ATMOSPHERIC CO2 TO ANTHROPOGENIC EMISSIONS:

A NOTE
JAMAL MUNSHI

8/8/2015, Revised 12/13/2015

ABSTRACT: A statistically significant correlation between annual anthropogenic CO2 emissions and the annual rate of accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere over a 53-year sample period from 1959-2011 is likely to be spurious because it vanishes when the two series are detrended. The results do not indicate a measurable year to year effect of annual anthropogenic emissions on the annual rate of CO2 accumulation in the atmosphere.1

  1. INTRODUCTION

The theory of anthropogenic global warming is that since 1750, human activity, involving the use of fossil fuels, the manufacture of cement, and changes in land use, has been injecting an artificial flow of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere at such an accelerated rate that it has overwhelmed nature’s delicate carbon balance and caused a steadily rising unnatural and unprecedented accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere. The change in atmospheric composition has enhanced its greenhouse effect causing surface temperatures to rise unnaturally and dangerously and threaten catastrophic consequences in terms of climate change (Hansen, 2006) (IPCC, 2007) (IPCC, 2014) (Plass, 1956). An important policy implication is that since these changes were created by artificial means they can also be moderated by artificial means simply by making significant reductions in our emissions of CO2 (IPCC, 2014).

Since the recent accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere is ascribed solely to human emissions, a testable implication of the theory of anthropogenic global warming is that there should be a close correlation between the rate of anthropogenic emissions and the rate at which CO2 accumulates in the atmosphere; and this correlation should be observable at the inter-annual frequency level (Patra, 2005) (Raupach, 2008) (Keeling, 2001) (Plass, 1956) (Lorius, 1990). This means that, net of long term trends, we should find that years of higher annual emissions should correspond with years of greater annual increase in atmospheric CO2 and years of lower emissions should correspond with years of lower rates of accumulation of atmospheric CO2. In this short note, we test this hypothesis by applying detrended correlation analysis, a tool that is often used by financial analysts to detect higher frequency changes net of long term trends (Prodobnik, 2008) (Granger, 1964) (Haan, 2002). The method tests the relationship between two variables that share a common direction in their long term drift in time by removing the drift component and comparing the detrended series in terms of correlation at shorter intervals. When applied to atmospheric CO2, this procedure shows that the correlation between the annual rate at which anthropogenic emissions are introduced into the atmosphere and the annual rate at which CO2 accumulates in the atmosphere, though significant, does not survive into the detrended series and is therefore likely to be spurious or an artifact of the common direction of their long term drift in time to which no anthropogenic cause can be ascribed.

………………..

  1. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

A necessary condition for the theory of anthropogenic global warming is that there should be a close correlation between annual fluctuations of atmospheric CO2 and the annual rate of anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Data on atmospheric CO2 and anthropogenic emissions provided by the Mauna Loa measuring station and the CDIAC in the period 1959-2011 were studied using detrended correlation analysis to determine whether, net of their common long term upward trends, the rate of change in atmospheric CO2 is responsive to the rate of anthropogenic emissions in a shorter time scale from year to year. It was found that the observed correlation between these variables derives solely from a common direction in their long term trends and not from a correspondence in their annual fluctuations. As a corollary to this finding, a further study reveals that change in atmospheric CO2 is responsive to surface temperature both in long term trends and in short term annual fluctuations. The results have significant implications for interpreting the observed increase in atmospheric CO2 in terms of the climate system and the theory of anthropogenic global warming.

All data and computational details used in this note may be downloaded from its online data archive (Munshi, 2015).

https://www.academia.edu/14863648/RESPONSIVENESS_OF_ATMOSPHERIC_CO2_TO_ANTHROPOGENIC_EMISSIONS_A_NOTE

 

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