Hong Kong

Ladies and gentlemen, please ignore Antifa, the squad, Democrats, mainstream media, Hollywood etc and stay home to watch – and support if you can – the heroic people in Hong Kong fighting for freedom. This is a revolution like the American Revolution, and this revolution probably will not be televised.

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Back to School and Howard Zinn in the Classroom

Turning American youth against their country.

Source: Back to School and Howard Zinn in the Classroom

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Can increasing carbon dioxide cause climate change? Richard S. Lindzen

Can increasing carbon dioxide cause climate change?   Richard S. Lindzen

“The title suggested for this paper (by Dave Keeling) is tantalizing for its ambiguity. At some level, the answer is philosophically trivial. After all, our knowledge is rarely so perfect that we can say anything is absolutely impossible. In connection with this question we can go a bit further, and state that increasing CO2 is likely to cause some climate change, and that the resulting change will involve average warming of the earth. However, this answer is almost as trivial as the first. The climate is always undergoing change, and if the changes due to increasing CO2 are smaller than the natural variability, then these changes will be of only modest concern except as an exercise in weak signal detection….

…. Indirect estimates, based on response to volcanos, suggest sensitivity may be as small as 0.3– 0.5°C for a doubling of CO2, which is well within the range of natural variability. This is not to suggest that such change cannot be detected; rather, it is a statement that the anticipated change is well within the range of what the earth regularly deals with. It is further noted that the common assertion that even small changes in mean temperature can lead to major changes in climate distribution is ill-founded and, likely, wrong. “

Work reported here was done cooperatively with E. Schneider, C.Giannitsis, and D. Kirk-Davidoff. This work was supported by Grant914441-ATM from the National Science Foundation and Grant NAGW 525 from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Ten percent of this research was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Institute of Global Environmental Change (NI-GEC) through the NIGEC Northeast Regional Center at Harvard University (Department of Energy Cooperative Agreement DE-FC03–90ER61010) and through the Computer Hardware, Advanced Mathematics and Model Physics program. Financial support does not constitute an endorsement by the Department of Energy of the views expressed in this article.

http://eaps.mit.edu/faculty/lindzen/181_PNAS97.pdf

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No correlation detected

Excerpt from Conclusions:

“In this empirical study of historical [fossil fuel CO2] emissions data and historical CO2 concentration data of the oceans over a 57-year period from 1958 to 2014, we were unable to detect a correlation between the annual rate of emissions and the mean annual change in oceanic CO2. This correlation is a pre-condition to the anthropogenic ocean acidification hypothesis which holds that the annual rate of human emissions causes annual changes in oceanic CO2 concentration (Scripps, 2013)(NOAA-1, 2015).”

Includes extensive references and link to all data files.

Munshi, Jamal, An Empirical Study of Fossil Fuel Emissions and Ocean Acidification (October 6, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2669930 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2669930

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Coherence

The last sentence of the abstract should grab any thinking person. And this is from 1990.
Coherence established between atmospheric carbon dioxide and global temperature
  • Cynthia Kuo,
  • Craig Lindberg &
  • David J. Thomson
Nature volume 343, pages 709–714, 1990
Abstract
The hypothesis that the increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide is related to observable changes in the climate is tested using modern methods of time-series analysis. The results confirm that average global temperature is increasing, and that temperature and atmospheric carbon dioxide are significantly correlated over the past thirty years. Changes in carbon dioxide content lag those in temperature by five months.
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High school math defeats global warmists

No one needs to be a climate scientist or even to have a college degree to download the CO2 data from the Mauna Loa lab, analyze it, and see for themself that CO2 from human fossil fuel emissions is not detectable as a trend, an anomaly, or significant deviation in the trend of net atmospheric CO2 concentration observed at Mauna Loa. High school math is all that is needed.

Since no statistically significant anthropogenic CO2 trend is detected in the net global CO2 concentration trend, we do not have data that might inform whether the anthropogenic fraction is so small that it is insignificant, or alternatively whether the  carbon sinks, sources and balance are adjusting to the injection of gigatons CO2 emissions of fossil fuels, or some combination of these two alternatives.

But, it is obvious that human CO2 and CO2 from fossil fuels are not affecting climate.

 

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Vote against Democrats

This needs to stay front and center in the minds of voting Americans. Reminder from last March. Democrats are pushing to give voting rights to illegal aliens. The duty of Members of Congress is to represent the citizens in their district, not illegal aliens. Democrats are representing people who come here by breaking laws, most of whom do not pay taxes but they do collect welfare. Democrats are representing people who are stealing your money and reducing the power of your vote.

https://neonnettle.com/news/6721-nancy-pelosi-pushes-voting-rights-for-illegal-immigrant-newcomers-

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Is the airborne fraction of anthropogenic CO2 emissions increasing?

Knorr, W. (2009), Is the airborne fraction of anthropogenic CO2 emissions increasing?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L21710, doi:10.1029/2009GL040613.  (pdf at link below)

Abstract: ….” This study re-examines the available atmospheric CO2 and emissions data including their uncertainties. It is shown that with those uncertainties, the trend in the airborne fraction since 1850 has been 0.7 ±1.4% per decade, i.e. close to and not significantly different from zero.”

“Despite the predictions of coupled climate-carbon cycle models, no trend in the airborne fraction [of CO2] can be found.”

4. Results…. “The most important result is that inclusion of data uncertainties moderately increases the uncertainty of the trend estimate ,s. Furthermore, the use of the inter annual predictors (nN+vV) hardly reduces the uncertainty ins. The trend itself is either very close to zero (Versions 3 and 5), or slightly negative when using interannual predictors (Versions 4 and 6). In none of the cases there is a significant trend.”

…”Without the inclusion of ENSO and VAI in the analysis, the trend derived with data uncertainties is found to be very small, only 0.7 ± 1.4 or 0.2 ± 1.7% per decade, depending on whether the ice core record has been included or not. This is not significantly different from zero and in contrast to the previously published result [Canadell et al.,2007] reporting an increase of 2.5 ± 2.1% per decade, but obtained with de-trended VAI and ENSO index and withoutaccounting for data uncertainties. …”

“Conclusion[25] From what we understand about the underlying processes, uptake of atmospheric CO2should react not to a change in emissions, but to a change in concentrations. A further analysis of the likely contributing processes is necessary in order to establish the reasons for a near-constant AF [airborne fraction of CO2] since the start of industrialization. The hypothesis of a recent or secular trend in the AF cannot be supported on the basis of the available data and its accuracy.”

https://radioviceonline.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/knorr2009_co2_sequestration.pdf

 

University of Bristol Press release issued 9 November 2009

New data show that the balance between the airborne and the absorbed fraction of carbon dioxide has stayed approximately constant since 1850, despite emissions of carbon dioxide having risen from about 2 billion tons a year in 1850 to 35 billion tons a year now.

This suggests that terrestrial ecosystems and the oceans have a much greater capacity to absorb CO2 than had been previously expected.

The results run contrary to a significant body of recent research which expects that the capacity of terrestrial ecosystems and the oceans to absorb CO2 should start to diminish as CO2 emissions increase, letting greenhouse gas levels skyrocket. Dr Wolfgang Knorr at the University of Bristol found that in fact the trend in the airborne fraction since 1850 has only been 0.7 ± 1.4% per decade, which is essentially zero.

The strength of the new study, published online in Geophysical Research Letters, is that it rests solely on measurements and statistical data, including historical records extracted from Antarctic ice, and does not rely on computations with complex climate models.

This work is extremely important for climate change policy, because emission targets to be negotiated at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen early next month have been based on projections that have a carbon free sink of already factored in. Some researchers have cautioned against this approach, pointing at evidence that suggests the sink has already started to decrease.

So is this good news for climate negotiations in Copenhagen? “Not necessarily”, says Knorr. “Like all studies of this kind, there are uncertainties in the data, so rather than relying on Nature to provide a free service, soaking up our waste carbon, we need to ascertain why the proportion being absorbed has not changed”.

Another result of the study is that emissions from deforestation might have been overestimated by between 18 and 75 per cent. This would agree with results published last week in Nature Geoscience by a team led by Guido van der Werf from VU University Amsterdam. They re-visited deforestation data and concluded that emissions have been overestimated by at least a factor of two.

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https://wattsupwiththat.com/2009/11/10/bombshell-from-bristol-is-the-airborne-fraction-of-anthropogenic-co2-emissions-increasing-study-says-no/

 

Aloha,

Bud Bromley

 

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Humanism?

“If humanism were right in declaring that man is born only to be happy, he would not be born to die. Since his body is doomed to die, his task on earth evidently must be of a more spiritual nature. It cannot be unrestrained enjoyment of everyday life. It cannot be the search for the best ways to obtain material goods and then cheerfully get the most of them. It has to be the fulfillment of a permanent, earnest duty so that one’s life journey may become an experience of moral growth, so that one may leave life a better human being than one started it. It is imperative to review the table of widespread human values. Its present incorrectness is astounding. It is not possible that assessment of the President’s performance be reduced to the question how much money one makes or of unlimited availability of gasoline. Only voluntary, inspired self-restraint can raise man above the world stream of materialism.” ~

Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s 1978 Harvard Address. Solzhenitsyn was a Russian writer and intellectual, imprisoned in the Siberian Gulag’s of the Soviet Union, then exiled to the west. His entire speech is here:

https://americanrhetoric.com/speeches/alexandersolzhenitsynharvard.htm?fbclid=IwAR0HdNacLT6VzrY0qjp01q5K0_kVfHsQNKC4-bo_-WzMp8XyrppK8dCmros

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The revolt against human nature

“Socialism is not only, or even principally, an economic doctrine: It is a revolt against human nature. It refuses to believe that man is a fallen creature and seeks to improve him by making all equal one to another. It is not surprising that the development of the New Man was the ultimate goal of Communist tyrannies, the older version of man being so imperfect and even despicable. But such futile and reprehensible dreams, notwithstanding the disastrous results when they were taken seriously by ruthless men in power, are far from alien to current generations of intellectuals. Man, knowing himself to be imperfect, will continue to dream of, and believe in, schemes not merely of improvement here and there but of perfection, of a life so perfectly organized that everyone will be happy, kind, decent, and selfless without any effort at all. Illusion springs eternal, especially among intellectuals.” ~ by Theodore Dalrymple.  Theodore Dalrymple is a contributing editor of City Journal, a senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute, and the author of many books, including Out into the Beautiful World and the recently published Grief and Other Stories.

Much more here:  https://www.manhattan-institute.org/html/socialism-destroys-the-human-character

 

 

 

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