CO2 is not causing global warming

CO2, water, and CH4 (methane) and some other minor gases are so-called “greenhouse gases” because they absorb infrared energy.  However, be careful to avoid the common misunderstanding that the earth and its atmosphere behave like a garden greenhouse; that is not true.  Greenhouses are closed systems except to incoming energy.  Earth is an open system, open to receive energy, as well as gases and other matter from space and also open to transmit energy, gases and matter back into space.  A greenhouse is a poor analogy for earth’s climate.

Greenhouse gases also re-emit almost instantly the energy they absorbed, emitting that energy at a slightly lower energy than which it was absorbed.  Rarely is that emission mentioned in the news or by climate alarmists.  Proponents of global warming want you to believe that energy is stored and builds up in the atmosphere in a sort of hothouse or pressure cooker, but that is not true.

In most locations, the concentration of water vapor (including clouds) in the atmosphere is far higher than CO2 and methane.  Near the equator and bodies of water, swamps and tundra the concentration of water vapor in atmosphere will be near 100%.  That is, no more water vapor can be added to the air at a given temperature and air pressure.  Water vapor concentration in air is found in the range of 0% to 100%.  Cold air holds very little water vapor.  The air at the poles is often very dry.  Warm air holds much water vapor.

The tropics and sub-tropics receive large amounts of solar irradiation during the day, but none at night.  During the day, the surface of the ocean water is warmed by solar radiation and that warmth releases large amounts of CO2 and CH4 as well as water vapor into the atmosphere; this amount dwarfs all contributions of humans from all sources.  At night, the cooler ocean surface absorbs large amounts of CO2.  CO2 is very soluble in cold water.

The oceans and subsea floor hold far more methane (CH4) than all petroleum and fossil fuels ever discovered, and this methane is continuously degassed out of warm water and soil into the air.  CH4 released into open air spontaneously converts (oxidizes) to CO2 and water at standard temperature and pressure. CH4 + 2 O2 -> CO2 + 2 H2O + a small amount of energy.  Almost all CH4 originated as living cells.  The cells died, entered the soil, rivers, lakes and ocean as runoff, metabolized and degraded by natural biological activity; this is the ultimate source of almost all fossil fuel on earth.  That natural resource is continuously renewing and unlikely to be exhausted so long as there is life in the oceans.

Water vapor is the dominate greenhouse gas, absorbing by far both more direct solar energy and indirect solar energy re-emitted by the earth.  More than 70% of the earth is covered with liquid water and about 40% of the earth and liquid water is receiving direct solar radiation every day.  Additional liquid water is on land and in soil and plants.  Solar radiation increases the molecular activity of liquid water molecules until they can no longer be held by the surface tension of the water. These active water molecules evaporate, i.e. release energetic water molecules, to become gaseous water vapor in the atmosphere.  This release of energetic molecules cools the surface of the water, not warm the water, they just left.  Your skin is cooled when your sweat evaporates.

Liquid water is far denser than air.  Dense liquid water in the oceans is a huge reservoir of stored energy.  The oceans contain greater than 1000 times more energy than the atmosphere; this means that earth’s atmosphere as a whole – regardless which gases make up the atmosphere – cannot warm the oceans in any significant amount.  And this means the oceans are warming the atmosphere.  The oceans are controlling the weather and climate on earth, not the atmosphere.  The oceans are warmed by direct and indirect solar radiation as well as volcanic and tectonic forces resulting from gravity.

The specific gas molecules (nitrogen, oxygen, water vapor, as well as CO2, methane, and several other trace gases) that make up the atmosphere, each with their various concentrations, individually or in combination, are irrelevant to the long-term average temperature of the planet.  In other words, an atmosphere of 100% CO2 could not significantly change the earth’s average temperature; instead, the ocean with its huge heat content would control the temperature of the 100% CO2 atmosphere.  The atmosphere cannot warm significantly the earth over an extended time period, such as a year.  But a warm ocean current, such as an El Nino, can change our climate and weather overnight.

However, water vapor and CO2 cause relatively minor temperature changes of the atmosphere at the surface (troposphere.)  Water vapor and CO2 delay the release of energy from the earth into outer space, and this is most evident at night.  Night time air temperatures at earth’s surface would be significantly cooler without water vapor and CO2.  In a sense, greenhouse gases act as a nighttime insulator for the earth.

The effects of this are clearly seen at night.  In warm, humid climates like New Orleans, the warmth of the air is retained late into the night, finally cooling by morning.  Water vapor and CO2 do that.  In dry desert or arctic areas, the warmth of the day very rapidly is re-radiated into outer space and nighttime temperatures plunge rapidly.  The absence of water vapor and CO2 do that.  CO2 has the same effect as water vapor/humidity except in far less amount than water vapor/humidity.  CH4 is even less than CO2.

soil-cooling-model-no-ghe

soil-cooling-model-with-ghe

Nitrogen (70%), oxygen (20%), and water vapor (1%) are the primary gases in the atmosphere, but these gases are mostly transparent to direct solar radiation.  Transparent means there are very limited or no energy bands available in these gaseous molecules to absorb energy at the wavelengths of the incoming solar radiation.  A significantly large amount of solar energy is reflected by earth’s clouds, land and water surfaces back into outer space; this effect is known as albedo.  The trace atmospheric gases in total comprise less than 1% of the atmosphere; this 1% includes the inert gases (mostly argon which makes up 0.96%).  Trace gases carbon dioxide, methane and all other gases combined make up only 0.04% of air.

Most radiant energy of the sun is transmitted through the gases in the atmosphere to the surface, i.e. to water and land surface, where it is absorbed.  Most solar radiation is in the higher energy infrared, visible and ultraviolent wavelengths.  Visible light, UV, X-Ray, and gamma radiation are all higher energy (higher frequency/shorter wavelength) than IR.  Water vapor absorbs at certain visible energy bands…so we see darkening clouds as water vapor concentration increases.  Solar radiation is absorbed by the molecules at the surface of water and land is spread through conduction and convection and dissipated in the energy cascade in the molecules of the water or solid matter.  Some energy is re-emitted from the surface (land and water) into the atmosphere at lower energy, longer wavelengths, lower frequency than which it was originally absorbed.

Solar radiation received by the earth is known as Total Solar Irradiance (TSI).  TSI has a cycle involving multiple variables which I will not go into here except to point out that climate cycles on earth correlate well with the TSI cycle and also with ocean temperature cycles known as PCDO.

temp tracks solar activity

Temperature does not track CO2 very well (figure 11 below).  Note temperature is flat, increasing, declining, and increasing while CO2 is increasing.  Statistical correlation is weak.

temp does not track co2

Over longer time periods, the correlation between CO2 and temperature is very poor.  The two trends are widely diverging as seen in the graphic below.  If the global warming hypothesis were valid, these two trends would be parallel or converging.

temp vs co2...no sig warming

For the remainder of this discussion, I will consider only energy in the infrared (IR) wavelengths.   Molecules in water and land absorb IR at several discrete higher energy/shorter IR wavelengths that match discrete energy bands of the electrons of each molecule.  If the incoming energy does not match an energy band of the molecule, or if that energy band is not available to absorb because the band is already occupied with energy, then the energy passes through the molecule without being absorbed.  If the IR energy is absorbed, then in a fraction of a second, part of that energy is dissipated as kinetic energy (various motions such as stretching, bending, and vibrations internal to the molecule or collisions with other molecules) leaving slightly lower energy/slightly longer wavelength/slightly lower frequency IR energy.  That lower energy is then re-emitted.  Since part of the energy has already been dissipated internally by the molecule, the emission has a longer wavelength, lower frequency of IR than the IR that was originally absorbed.  Energy is not stored in a molecule except in the macro sense of all molecules taken together, and then only temporarily while the energy is progressively dissipated.  Energy moves from one molecule to the next and at each step the energy is reduced.  By this process, IR energy is absorbed by a water vapor, or CO2 molecule, or CH4 molecule for only fraction of a second and then re-emitted at a longer wavelength (lower frequency, lower energy, cooler).  This cascade continues progressively downward in the energy until eventually the remaining energy is dissipated as kinetic energy by collision with other molecules, or various internal molecular motions.

IR radiation is a sub-spectrum within the overall solar radiation spectrum.  IR is 49.4% of solar energy reaching the outer atmosphere of earth.  H2O, CO2, and CH4 absorb IR radiation ONLY at specific, discrete wavelengths (or quanta, or energy bands).  Other wavelengths, which include most down-dwelling IR radiation directly from the sun, pass transparently through the molecules.  Water vapor does absorb some incoming direct IR radiation.  Some H2O, CO2, CH4 absorption wavelengths overlap (see graphic Figure 5-2), that is, these three molecules absorb IR at some of the same discrete wavelengths.  This means that the gas which has the highest concentration in air absorbs and re-emits the most IR radiation.  On average, water vapor including clouds is the highest concentration among the greenhouse gases, and thereby water vapor including clouds is the dominant greenhouse gas.

absorption-spectra-co2-h2o-climate_near_the_ground-geiger-2003-499px

Most direct solar IR passes through air molecules to interact with molecules on the surface of water or land.  Thus, infrared radiation is largely responsible for warming Earth’s surface, both land and water.  In other words, the sun is not DIRECTLY warming the atmosphere, but INDIRECTLY warming the atmosphere.  Most solar energy is absorbed in the molecules of the ocean and land which in turn warm the atmosphere.  Most greenhouse warming is caused by reflected IR and IR emitted after dissipation from higher energy visible and UV energy.  We don’t perceive visible light as heat; but when visible light interacts with matter, unless reflected, its energy is dissipated step by step in the downward energy cascade as described above until it becomes longer wavelength IR which then we perceive as heat.  Re-radiation, conduction and convection from the surface of water and land warms the atmosphere.

IR energy only penetrates a few meters beneath the surface in liquid water in the oceans and lakes, while visible light transmits many meters beneath the surface of water, progressively loosing its colors from red to eventually higher energy blue and finally no visible light at increasing depth.  The higher energy, shorter wavelength, higher frequency UV, x-ray and gamma energy mostly transmits through liquid water and finally interacts with molecules in solid matter in land or sea floor, or minimally with inorganic molecules dissolved in ocean water.  Molecules on land and the seafloor surface are irradiated by these higher energy wavelengths, absorbing this energy, or conducting it further, and then these molecules progressively dissipate their energy as described above to progressively longer wavelengths and lower energy, eventually to IR wavelengths.  The energy cascade continues on down the energy spectrum to satellite, wireless, radio, TV, MRI wavelengths and finally dissipated as kinetic motion of the molecule itself or collision.

The earth and the atmosphere also reflect and emit energy back into outer space, mostly in the visible and IR bands.  IR emission from the atmosphere, water and land into outer space occurs day and night and is measured by satellite.  Earth is an open system, continuously re-radiating its energy (which originally came from the sun) back into outer space, that is, radiating from higher energy earth to the much lower energy outer space beyond our atmosphere.

The fact that earth’s temperature is relatively stable over long periods of time, millions of years in multiple geological periods, implies that there is a balance between incoming energy and outgoing energy.  I won’t go further into this energy balance topic here.

Over the very long time period of millions of years leading to the present, the earth has been in a slow cooling trend and has had a slowly declining atmospheric CO2 concentration as indicated in these graphics; this is probably contrary to what you have been told and taught.

On the other hand, and probably what you have been taught, in the geological short term, that is since the Little Ice Age and Industrial Revolution, earth warmed and total CO2 concentration increased.  However most of that warming occurred before the 1950’s and that period was prior to the highest CO2 emissions by humans due to use of fossil fuels.  In other words, the warming that followed the end of the Little Ice Age had very low CO2 concentration, thus that CO2 could not have caused the warming that occurred.  The warming that occurred since the end of the Little Ice Age is within the statistical variation of the much longer-term cooling trend.  In geological terms, since there is year-round ice at both poles, our present period is part of an interglacial period within an ice age.

Temperature Range

 

temperature of planet earth

 

F4.large

five_myr_climate_change_overlay

46087548_685276648522276_6141606343389216768_n

As previously state here, there has been global warming during our lifetime, occurring before the 1950’s, but this warming is not unprecedented.  And there has also been global cooling during our lifetime, also not unprecedented.

warming has not happened

greenland ice core temp vs year-civilization

Carbon Dioxide 600 million years of data

co2levels

Returning to our “greenhouse gases,” the takeaway point is, again, the sun heats the earth, then the earth heats the atmosphere.  The atmosphere is not heating the earth.  According to the laws of thermodynamics, energy only flows only from higher energy earth to lower energy atmosphere.  Earth (oceans and land) heat the air, not the reverse.  Where can we measure this effect in the natural world?  Detrended (i.e. seasons removed) sea surface temperatures versus air temperatures, we see in the graph below that increasing air temperature ALWAYS FOLLOWS increasing sea surface temperature.  No matter how high the CO2 or methane concentrations are in the air, the ocean temperature will control the air temperature of the earth.  In bulk, water vapor, CO2, and methane temporarily delay the dissipation of energy/heat via the process described in the above paragraphs.

Detrended CO2 &Temperature

According to the proposed hypothesis for human-caused global warming (AGW), the continuing accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere causes or forces increased warming in the atmosphere.  The hypothesis requires disregarding the important facts that warming has currently stopped and also that there has been cooling for some periods in our lifetimes and historically, when according to AGW there should have been an increasing rate of warming due to the increasing concentration of CO2.  Also, again falsifying the AGW hypothesis, when warming periods have occurred, there is no difference in the rate of warming during those periods despite the fact that CO2 has increased.

warming trends no statistical difference

Based on a single molecule, one CH4 molecule absorbs more energy and re-emits more energy than one CO2 molecule, and one CO2 molecule absorbs more energy and re-emits more energy than one H2O molecule.  But, the concentration (or abundance) of water vapor in air is about 1%, while the concentration of CO2 in air is only about 0.04% (or 400 ppm) and the concentration CH4 in air is only about 0.0018% (or 1.8 ppm).  There are far more water vapor molecules in the air to absorb the IR energy upgoing from the earth.  Also, the IR radiation absorption wavelengths of water vapor overlap most of the IR radiation absorption wavelengths of CO2 and CH4.  Since the concentration of water vapor is more than 10 times higher than that of CO2 and 100 times higher than CH4, the IR radiation emitted by the ocean, land and sun is more than 10 times more likely to be absorbed by water vapor molecules than by CO2 molecules and 100 times more likely to be absorbed by water vapor molecules than CH4 molecules.  Then, when the water vapor, CO2 and CH4 molecules re-emit their energy upgoing or else collide, once again these emissions or collisions are far more likely to be interactions with a water vapor molecule.

radiation_atmospheric_transmission

With regard to CO2 and CH4, then net result is that exponentially less warming results from each incremental increase in CO2 or CH4 concentration.  The natural logarithm function is the inverse of the exponential function.  The graphic below illustrates the natural log curve of temperature versus CO2 concentration that results from progressively increasing the CO2 concentration.  In climatology terms, climate and temperature sensitivity are progressively diminished as CO2 concentration increases.  Each doubling of CO2 concentration results in incrementally less warming, following a logarithmic progression.  The available quantum energy bands of CO2 and CH4 are already occupied with energy received from nearby molecules.  Adding more absorbing molecules decreases the mean-free-path of the radiation between molecules.  Progressively higher levels of CO2 (and methane) produce progressively less warming.

CO2 vs Temp

Furthermore, of the approximate 400 ppm (or 0.04%) total CO2 concentration in earth’s atmosphere, humans from all sources emit only about 3% of that total.  About 97% of atmospheric CO2 is natural.  About 98.5% of total CO2 is absorbed by nature.

global-sources-and-absorption-of-co2

CO2 concentration has been increasing since the end of the Little Ice Age, around the time of the Industrial Revolution, primarily because earth has been slowly warming since that time.  The human contribution is minimal.  But, since CO2 is not causing significant warming (or even reproducibly measurable warming), and since the earth is in fact becoming greener according to NASA satellite studies, then there is no good reason to reduce CO2, or to reduce use of fossil fuels.  Also, since most CO2 is natural, there is no practical way for humans to significantly reduce atmospheric CO2 concentration.  Carbon sequestration, carbon offsets, carbon taxes, carbon trading are environmentally useless, harmful, economically wasteful, fraud.  On the contrary, there are benefits to higher CO2, such as increasing crop yields.  And there are also benefits to warming.

benefits-of-increased-co2

tree growth at co2 levels

Despite clear evidence that the atmosphere is not significantly warming the planet, and under the laws of physics could not significantly warm the planet, still some politicians and scientists try to alarm citizens to persuade them that increasing CO2 and CH4 concentration forces catastrophically dangerous, large increases in temperature trends by increasing absorption of IR by water vapor.  The alarmists’ torturous and unvalidatable hypotheses and models treat water vapor as a feedback system rather than as the dominant greenhouse gas.  But, if this hypothesis were true, and it is not, since CO2 has been increasing steadily since the end of the Little Ice Age (CO2 increased about 150% from a very low CO2 level), then we should be seeing rapidly rising global temperature due to this feedback forcing effect.   However, the temperature trend has been only slightly increasing, and then only during some periods of time, and the warming trends are not exceptional or unprecedented in nature, and the overall temperature trend is diverging from the steadily rising CO2 trend.  If CO2 were the cause of warming, then the CO2 and temperature trends would be parallel or converging during the same time periods; however, these correlations are not found in real world evidence unless the time periods are cherry-picked or the data has been manipulated.  Even worse for the climate alarmists, there are multiple time periods, decades, where the temperature trend decreased while CO2 trend increased…for example the 1960s to late 1970s when most scientists and new outlets were proclaiming global cooling.  CO2 cannot force both warming and cooling.

Time Magazine Jan 31 1977 Freeze

Cover of Time magazine, January 31, 1977.

Newsweek 1975 Cooling

As of December 2018, the global temperature measured by satellites (the most accurate and reproducible measurement available), is only 0.45 degrees F above the average temperature computed since 1978 when satellite measurement began, meanwhile CO2 has been steadily rising during this same period.  In other words, nature has falsified the global warming hypothesis and climate models.  Temperature has not been increasing in unison in correlation with increasing CO2.  https://www.nsstc.uah.edu/climate/2018/december2018/GTR_201812Dec_1.pdf

Importantly, as shown in the graphic below, trends of increasing temperature precede trends of increasing CO2.  Many peer-reviewed scientific papers confirm this observation.  If CO2 were the cause or were forcing temperature increases, then that CO2 increase must precede the trend of increasing temperature; unfortunately for the AGW hypothesis and climate alarmists that evidence is not observed.  Obviously, an effect cannot precede its cause.  In other words, earth’s temperature is controlling CO2 concentration, not the other way around.  (Al Gore’s science fiction movies show CO2 increases preceding or coincident with temperature increases leading up to a runaway ‘hockeystick’ warming.)

temp leads co2 graphic

Most CO2 is emitted by the oceans and lands, naturally, by degassing caused by the slow warming trend since the Little Ice Age.  Warmer water holds less CO2 than cold water.  The relative partition ratio of a gas such as CO2 between water and air is controlled by Henry’s Law. Compared to the atmosphere, the oceans contain enormous energy (as already shown).  Oceans contain about 50 times more CO2 than the atmosphere and 20 times more CO2 than the biosphere on land.

It would take 10,000 years for humans to change the temperature of the ocean by a mere 1 degree even if humans devoted all energy resources full time to that effort.  The effects of the oceans on the earth’s climate are enormous, but the warming effect of human CO2 is trivially tiny.

Antropogenic Contribution to Greenhouse Effect

The claim that the relatively tiny amount of CO2 contributed to the atmosphere by humans is controlling earth’s temperature is falsified according to the rules of science.  We mere humans are not able to change the temperature of earth by adding or subtracting CO2, no matter the amount of CO2.  Even if the air were 40% CO2, an amount that is 1000 times higher than today’s total CO2 and 10,000 times higher than the human contributed CO2, the atmosphere can not significantly warm the oceans.  Oceans are a gigantic heat sink or reserve, moderating the earth’s temperature and controlling earth’s climate.

This is NOT to say that humans do not affect temperature and climate in other ways, such as building cities, roads, planting or cutting forests and fields, etc.  This IS to say that AGW, the hypothesis of human-caused global warming by the contribution of a mere 0.004% of the total CO2 emissions, is scientifically wrong, statistically insignificant, so tiny it is unmeasurable in the real world; the hypothesis of human-caused global warming/climate change has been falsified by real world observations and experiments.

What is really going on?

António Guterres, the current Secretary General of the UN, is the former president of Socialist International, which “was formed in London on 28 September 1864 by socialist, communist and anarchist political groups and trade unions. Tensions between moderates and revolutionaries led to its dissolution in 1876 in Philadelphia. The Second International was formed in Paris on 14 July 1889 as an association of the socialist parties.” (Wikipedia) With member organizations in more that 100 nations, following the communist tradition of Karl Marx, Leon Trotsky and Vladimir Lenin, Socialist International views the chief source of oppression and exploitation in the world to be capitalism — private property — whose inevitable by-products are poverty, environmental degradation, war, famine, and most other ills that plague humanity. UN leaders have also announced the UN’s anti-capitalist intentions.   http://www.socialistinternational.org/viewArticle.cfm?ArticleID=1902

Bottom line: the global warming / climate change agenda is a giant, global fraud.  The where, why, who, and when proponents knew it was a fraud is a subject for another day and a court of law.  The global warming/climate change agenda is a global, political scheme to re-distribute wealth, change national economic systems away from capitalism, reduce national and individual sovereignty and reduce citizen control of private property, and hand over funding and control to unelected supra-national alliances and organizations like the UN and the EU.

Reference: https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/New-Insights-on-the-Physical-Nature-of-the-Atmospheric-Greenhouse-Effect-Deduced-from-an-Empirical-Planetary-Temperature-Model.pdf

 

 

 

 

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Kiss America goodbye

It’s our republic and we are losing it rapidly now. This collectivist dillusion collusion will destroy America, just as European nations and their individual freedom are being destroyed before our eyes.

The 2020 Census controls the ratio of Dems versus GOP in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Electoral College. Without asking the citizenship question, all people – legal or illegal – determine the Dem vs GOP apportionment. Sanctuary cities, open borders, no wall or immigration enforcement laws result in more Dems in the U.S. House and the Electoral College which elects the U.S. President. Unless successfully appealed, this ruling and the dereliction of sworn duty by Congress to protect the nation will result in an undefeatable supermajority of Democrats (socialists) in the House and Electoral College.

Dominance by a supermajority exists today as in California and Hawaii, where a citizen’s vote is now totally irrelevant to any political outcome. End of story for America, the world and individual freedom.

The only alternative left at that point is violent revolution by Americans against their government. Take a look at France today; the violence is spreading and being crushed by Macron’s government. The individual freedoms that have been realized over hundreds of years, since the Magna Carta over 800 years ago, are being destroyed by rich globalists in a regressive quest for totalitarian power. They call it social justice, but its effect on all of us is feudal totalitarian.

http://news.trust.org/item/20190115143936-yfedz

SCOTUS ruled already during the Obama administration in a case brought by a citizen and Texas. SCOTUS ruled unanimously “one man one vote”… that is, U.S. House and Electoral College are determined by number of all residents regardless of legality of residence, despite the fact that “one man one vote” is not mentioned in the U.S. Constitution.  A new case would have to be built and brought to appeal.  Freedom is in deep trouble.

The U.S. census should reflect the population of legal residents. Not those who broke the law to come here.  But, the unanimous SCOTUS disagrees.

“..8–0 judgment was unanimous in Texas’ favor, the Court offered three separate justifications — the majority opinion, written by Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg and joined by five other justices, as well as two concurring opinions written by Justice Clarence Thomas and Justice Samuel Alito.”…

“There can be no truer principle than this — that every individual of the community at large has an equal right to the protection of government,” it read….“As the Framers of the Constitution and the Fourteenth Amendment comprehended, representatives serve all residents, not just those eligible or registered to vote,” Ginsburg wrote. “Nonvoters have an important stake in many policy debates — children, their parents, even their grandparents, for example, have a stake in a strong public education — and in receiving constituent services, such as help navigating public-benefits bureaucracies.”

https://www.texastribune.org/2016/04/04/texas-case-supreme-court-upholds-one-person-one-vo/

https://www.scotusblog.com/case…/cases/evenwel-v-abbott/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evenwel_v._Abbott

The Magna Carta was signed in 1215 by the Thames River near Windsor Castle in today’s London England, 804 years ago. The Plantagenet line of monarchs, who believed they ruled by divine right, had been returned to the throne of England. English barons surrounded King John’s forces and forced him to sign the Magna Carta. Arguably, it is the most important agreement in history.  Magna Carta, which means ‘The Great Charter’, established the principle that everyone is subject to the law, even the king, and guarantees certain rights of individuals, the right to justice and the right to a fair trial. Translated from the Latin original, among other things it states:”No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land.” …“To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice.”

King John reversed his position on the agreement after communication with the Pope. Bloody civil war ensued between the barons and the Kings forces. The King died of illness and was replaced by King Henry III in 1216. A new Magna Carta was issued by Henry III in return for taxes paid by the whole kingdom. The Magna Carta was used to restrain the supreme power of monarchs. The Magna Carta strongly influenced the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, also known as the Bill of Rights, as well as England’s constitution.

Today, as in the days of divine right monarchs and feudalism, the Pope in Rome is on the side of the monarchs, on the side of tyranny and domination of the people by government.

May God help us all.


Feudalism definition: the dominant social system in the medieval world, in which nobility held lands and titles granted by monarchs in exchange for military service, taxes and obedience. Nobles were vassals of the monarch, doing everything the kings or queens wished. The people were in turn tenants of the nobles, paying the nobles taxes, their goods, and owing duty to be conscripted to military or any service demanded by their land-holding nobility. The monarch’s/the government owned everything, while the peasants (serfs, slaves) were obliged to live on their lord’s land and give him homage, labor, and a share of the produce, in exchange for military protection. A rigidly class-based society.

 

 

 

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Yes we can?

It does not mean what you think.  Here’s the real story on immigration.

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How many must die?

Sent by email to each of my Senators and Representative using their official website on January 10, 2019

Dear Representative, Dear Senators;

Protect American citizens and America’s culture. Protect the border. Build the wall now. Reduce immigration. End chain migration and birthright citizenship. Require e-verify nationwide. Vet all refugees and immigrants or else do not allow entry into the country. Require the U.S. Census to record and count resident status of all people in the United States. End sanctuary cities, counties, states. End welfare and tax credits for illegal aliens. Deport illegal aliens. Create a temporary work visa program for the United States which requires all non-citizen workers to be identified, and to pay federal and other applicable taxes. Get it done or else give up your seat to someone who will do their duty.

Stop playing politics with national security and immigration. Congress is derelict of sworn responsibility. We can see and you can see the total failure of open borders and multiculturalism in Europe and elsewhere. Americans do not want that violence and crime here. Do your job and protect our nation!

Sincerely,

Clare L. Bromley, III

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Mexico plans to secure its southern border

Mexico’s interior minister outlines plans to secure their southern border against illegal immigrants

Mexico just made it a lot harder for Democrats to denounce border security as a racist plot against Hispanics (as if “Hispanic” were a race).  Exactly as President Trump has explained, if you don’t have a border, you don’t have a nation.

Patrick Goodenough of CNS reports:

Mexico’s interior minister outlined plans to strengthen her own country’s porous southern border, where hundreds of illegal crossing points have been identified.

Speaking at a gathering of Mexican diplomats at the foreign ministry, Olga Sánchez Cordero said at least 10,000 migrants had entered Mexico from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala since last October, and that another U.S.-bound “caravan” from the south was expected to arrive in mid-January.

Sánchez Cordero said the government was determined to ensure that “legal and orderly” entry takes place.

As part of the new government’s migration policy, she said, anyone wanting to enter Mexico would have to provide information including reason for entry, biometric data, and an identity document.

“Those who refuse to provide identity or biometric data will not be able to enter Mexican territory.”


Mexican interior minister Olga Sánchez Cordero addresses a gathering of Mexican diplomats at the foreign ministry in Mexico City on Monday, January 7, 2019.  (Photo: SEGOB/Twitter.)

President Trump has the means and the will to grind this into the faces of Schumer, Pelosi, and all the other hypocrites.

Like the U.S., Mexico has a southern border with much poorer countries on the other side.  That creates incentives for illegal immigration, which imposes costs on the host.

 

https://www.americanthinker.com/blog/2019/01/mexicos_interior_minister_outlies_plans_to_secure_their_southern_border_against_illegal_immigrants.html?fbclid=IwAR0qG6p4NoKLrYf0idaXYgRYp-3XGoKYunU0zEgvz5zUPSdCtWvPrpfcLMo

 

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2 Illegal Alien Killers, 1 Sanctuary State, 200 Miles of Terror, by Daniel Greenfield

Posted: 08 Jan 2019 10:54 AM PST

Less than 200 miles separate Tulare County and Stanislaus County. And a little over a week separates the two reigns of terror in these two California counties by Gustavo Garcia and Gustavo Perez Arriaga.

Both Gustavos were dangerous and violent illegal aliens. On Monday, December 17, Gustavo Garcia went on a murderous rampage that killed at least two people and put seven more in the hospital. On Wednesday, December 26, Gustavo Perez Arriaga murdered a law enforcement officer at a traffic stop.

Cpl. Ronil Singh, murdered by the second Gustavo, and Rocky Paul Jones and Rolando Soto, murdered by the first Gustavo, did not have to die. They died because California’s sanctuary state law took their lives.

Gustavo Garcia had a criminal record dating back to 2002 covering everything from illegal weapons to meth. He had been deported in 2004 and then again in 2014. There had been three immigration holds on the illegal alien criminal. Before he began his murderous spree, Tulare County sheriff’s deputies arrested him. ICE put a hold on him as a dangerous illegal alien. But because of California’s sanctuary state law, local law enforcement had to let him loose. A few days later, the illegal alien’s carnage began.

Garcia shot a farmworker picking fruit in the chest, robbed a mini-mart at gunpoint of $2,000, shot and killed a man, shot at a woman in the parking lot of a Motel 6, wounding her in the arm and torso, opened fire at two gas stations, killing Rocky Jones, fired shots into several homes, including the home of his ex-girlfriend, forcing her and her children to flee, opened fire on the deputies pursuing him, stole a car from three other farmworkers at gunpoint, and got into a high speed chase while deliberately trying to hit other cars.

He exchanged fire with pursuing cops during the chase, and smashed into other cars while going 100 miles, taking his own life and putting four other people in the hospital, including one critically wounded.

And that’s actually an incomplete list of the illegal alien killer’s crimes after the ICE hold wasn’t honored.

“Before SB 54, Gustavo Garcia would have been turned over to ICE officials. That’s how we’ve always done it, day in and day out. After SB 54, we no longer have the power to do that,” Sheriff Mike Boudreaux said.

SB54, euphemistically named the California Values Act, banned local law enforcement officers from holding illegal aliens in custody on immigration detainers or communicating with immigration authorities. Introduced by Senator Kevin de Leon and signed into law by Governor Jerry Brown, the sanctuary state bill illegally made California a sanctuary state and tied the hands of law enforcement.

A little over a week had passed when Gustavo Perez Arriaga was pulled over on suspicion of drunk driving early in the morning. He shot Cpl. Ronil Singh, an immigrant from Fiji, and led law enforcement on a 55 hour manhunt as he fled for the Mexican border. When he was caught, he had traveled around 200 miles from the original scene of the crime. And he had taken the life of a family man and corporal.

Gustavo Perez Arriaga was an illegal migrant who had crossed the border into Arizona a few years ago. The illegal alien was allegedly a member of the Sureno gangs operating under the Mexican mafia. While he found employment as a farm worker, he boasted about his gang membership on social media and racked up drunk driving arrests that couldn’t be used to deport him because California’s sanctuary state law prevented law enforcement from doing anything until it was too late. Now it’s too late.

Stanislaus County Sheriff Adam Christianson blamed California sanctuary state laws for Singh’s death and questioned why Sacramento was “providing sanctuary for criminals, gang members”. Cpl. Ronil Singh would have been alive, he pointed out, if his future killer had been deported.

Sanctuary state law advocates claim that they want to protect immigrants. Instead they killed one.

“Deepest condolences to the family of Cpl. Ronil Singh of the Newman Police Department. Our hearts are heavy during this holiday season. You truly lived the American Dream,” Senator Kevin de Leon tweeted.

Singh had been living the American Dream, until Kevin de Leon’s illegal alien nightmare took his life.

Singh “immigrated here lawfully and legally to pursue his American dream,” Sheriff Adam Christianson said. “He achieved that goal and his dream was taken from him.”

Under fire, Senator Kevin de Leon doubled down on putting illegal alien criminals ahead of legal immigrants. “The type of tone and attitude that Sheriff Christianson has taken instills fear and panic in all immigrant communities,” he ranted. The immigrants attacked by his illegal aliens may disagree.

Meanwhile ICE Out of California, the pro-illegal pressure group, blamed the illegal alien crime spree on “gun violence”. “The California Values Act,” it claimed, “is part of the solution.”

Law enforcement officers, even those like Sheriff Boudreaux, who support illegal aliens to some degree, however agree that the sanctuary state mandate is costing lives.

“We are very frustrated with the fact that the way the laws are set up currently that law enforcement hands are tied,” Sheriff Mike Boudreaux said. “Our county was shot up by a violent criminal that could have easily been prevented had we had the opportunity to reach out to our fellow counterparts.”

In Fresno County, Sheriff Margaret Mims has faced harassment over her cooperation with ICE. “It’s ridiculous the state dictates the local law enforcement which other law enforcement agencies they can and can’t talk to,” she said.

Meanwhile in Los Angeles, there’s a new pro-crime sheriff in town.

Sheriff Alex Villanueva’s upset victory had allegedly been illegally lubricated by straw donors. And the pro-crime figure is vowing to go further than ever to protect illegal aliens and has even threatened to “physically remove ICE from the county jails.

” Across California, the sanctuary state law has been putting more illegal alien criminals on the street.

In Monterey, ICE detentions dropped by 83%, from 217 to 36. In San Luis Obispo County, the 87 illegal alien criminals picked up by ICE in 2017 had dropped to 0. Other counties have been partial holdouts, maintaining some limited and diminishing cooperation with ICE despite illegal alien lobby pressure.

Similar battles are being fought in counties across California as the number of illegal criminals grows.

Sanctuary state defenders claim that these illegal alien criminals are exceptions to the rule. But when Gustavo Perez Arriaga went on the run, after murdering a law enforcement officer, a network of illegal aliens stepped out of the shadows to help him flee justice and return to Mexico.

7 men and women were arrested for aiding the cop-killer. Every one of them is an illegal alien.

Daniel Greenfield is a Shillman Journalism Fellow at the David Horowitz Freedom Center. This article previously appeared at the Center’s Front Page Magazine at the above link.

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What Does Diversity Have to Do with Science? ~ Heather Mac Donald

What Does Diversity Have to Do with Science?
Heather Mac Donald, Jan 7, 2019
 
The promoters of identity politics—the idea that we are primarily defined by our race and gender—have taken over the humanities and social sciences.
 
That’s bad.
 
But not as bad as this: They are moving in on “STEM” – science, technology, engineering and math.
 
“All across the country,” a UCLA scientist reports, “the big question is: how can we promote more women and minorities by ‘changing’ (i.e., lowering) the requirements we had previously set for graduate level study?”
 
No matter: in July 2017, it awarded $1 million to the University of New Hampshire and two other institutions to develop a “bias-awareness intervention tool.” Another $2 million went to the Department of Aerospace Engineering at Texas A&M to “remediate microaggressions and implicit biases.”
 
The science diversity charade, as I discuss in my book The Diversity Delusion, wastes extraordinary amounts of time and money that could be going into basic research and its real-world application. If that were its only consequence, the cost would be high enough. But identity politics is altering the standards for scientific competence and the way future scientists are trained.
 
“Diversity” is now an explicit job qualification in the STEM fields.
 
The physics department at UC San Diego advertised an assistant-professor position with a “specific emphasis on contributions to diversity,” such as a candidate’s “awareness of inequities faced by underrepresented groups.” Solving the mystery of dark energy apparently now takes a back-seat to social justice. Maybe it was a coincidence, but all five candidates on UC San Diego’s short list were females.
 
If traditional standards are keeping women and minorities out of STEM fields, it stands to reason that changing standards must be the way to get them in. Or maybe standards are just another expression of the white patriarchy and thus no longer relevant.
 
An introductory chemistry course at UC Berkeley reflects the new “culturally sensitive pedagogy.” A primary goal, according to its teachers, is to disrupt the “racialized and gendered construct of scientific brilliance,” which defines “good science” as getting all the right answers.
 
This same diversity obsession extends to medical schools—not a happy thought when they wheel you into the operating room for emergency surgery.
 
The promoters of identity politics are literally playing with our lives. Medical schools admissions committees are now told to overlook the low test scores of black and Hispanic applicants in favor of a more “holistic” approach. From 2013 to 2016, medical schools admitted 57 percent of black applicants with a low medical college admission test score of 24 to 26, but only 8 percent of whites and 6 percent of Asians with those same low scores, according to Claremont McKenna professor Frederick Lynch.
 
Racial preferences in med school programs are sometimes justified on the basis that minorities want doctors who “look like them.” Really? Seems much more likely that minority patients with serious illnesses want the same thing we all do: a well-trained, skilled doctor.
 
The desperate attempt to get women into STEM fields is also based on the idea that, absent discrimination, women and men would be equally represented in the sciences.
 
This is highly unlikely, however. Differences in math proficiency between boys and girls show up as early as kindergarten. In the top .01 percent of math ability, where we find scientific genius, there are 2.5 males in the US for every female, according to a recent paper in the journal Intelligence.
 
This may help explain why women make up 14 percent of engineering workers and 25 percent of computer workers. To acknowledge this was once common sense; now it can get you fired. Ask James Damore, the Google engineer who questioned the company’s hiring preferences for females.
 
The National Labor Relations Board upheld Google’s firing of Damore on the grounds that his statements about “purported biological differences between men and women” were “discriminatory and constituted sexual harassment.” This decision means that every evolutionary biologist, neurologist, or economist who acknowledges the differences between males and females is at risk of his job.
 
The unique accomplishments of Western science were achieved without regard to the sex or skin color of its creators. Now, however, funders, industry leaders, and academic administrators want us to believe that “diversity” is the key to the future.
 
But the truth is the exact opposite: we want our best scientific minds to be free to do their best work. In our highly competitive world, identity politics is an indulgence we can’t afford.
 
I’m Heather Mac Donald, fellow at the Manhattan Institute, for Prager University. More here: https://www.prageru.com/videos/what-does-diversity-have-do-science
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Migration entitlement?

“The first responsibility of any government is to protect the people already in the country. Even in this age of an entitlement mentality, no one in a foreign country is entitled to be in America if the American people don’t want them here.” ~ Thomas Sowell (@ThomasSowell) tweeted at 8:03 AM on Sun, Jan 06, 2019:

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“Illegal immigration is wrong.” ~ Chuck Schumer

U.S. Senator Chuck Schumer of New York in 2009: -Americans don’t like illegal immigration -“Illegal immigration is wrong, plain and simple. I think it is illegal and we have to change it.” …”People who entered the United States without our permission are illegally aliens and illegal aliens should not be treated the same as people who entered the U.S. legally.”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MdAyn89hFIo

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Voting for socialists?

Data for the socialists elected to U.S. Congress and those who elected them, as well those as in Canada and the EU.
 
“Official Soviet [Union] statistics released during glasnost indicate that following seventy years of socialist development, 40 percent of the Soviet population and 79 percent of its older citizens live in poverty. Of course, judged by the standards of “exploitive” capitalist systems, the entire Soviet people live in a state of poverty. The Soviet Union’s per capita income is estimated by Soviet economists as about one seventh that of the United States, more or less on a par with Communist China. [1989] In the Soviet Union in 1989, there was a rationing of meat and sugar – in peacetime. The rations revealed that the average intake of red meat for a Soviet citizen was half of what it had been for a subject of the czar in 1913 [the czar which their socialist revolution had overthrown!] At the same time, a vast supermarket of fruits, vegetables, and household goods, available to most humble inhabitant of a capitalist economy, was permanently out of reach for the people of the socialist state. Indeed, one of the principal demands of a Siberian miner’s strike in 1989 was for an item as mundane and basic to a sense of wellbeing as a bar of soap. In a land of expansive virgin forests, there was a toilet paper shortage. In an industrial country with one of the harshest and coldests climates in the world, two thirds of the households had no hot water, and a third had no running water at all.”
 
“After sixty years of socialist industrialization, the Soviet Union’s per capita output of nonmilitary goods and services placed it somewhere between fiftieth and sixtieth among the nations of the world.” …”For years the left had decried the collusion between corporate and military in the capitalist West. But all that time the entire socialist economy was little more than one giant military-industrial complex. Military investment absorbed 25 percent of the Soviet gross product (compared to only 6 percent in the United States), and military technology provided the only product competitive for export.”
 
“Yet, the socialist redistribution of wealth had produced neither equity nor justice, but scarcity and waste instead.”…”And so, half a century after ten million people had been sacrificed to ‘socialize the countryside,’ those who had expropriated the land were ready to give it back.”
 
“The road to nowhere had become a detour. (Soviet joke: ‘What is socialism? The longest road from capitalism to capitalism.’) Now the Soviet rulers themselves had begun to say that it had all been a horrible “Mistake.” Socialism did not work. Not even for them.”
 
by David Horowitz, reformed communist. In his book Left Illusions, in the chapter The Road to Nowhere. Also found in The Politics of Bad Faith (1998). An abridged version was first published in the December 1990 issue of Commentary under the title “Socialism: Guilty as Charged.” https://www.commentarymagazine.com/articles/socialism-guilty-as-charged/
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