Ocean surface temperature controls carbon dioxide

Atmospheric CO2 concentration is controlled by Henry’s Law, not by human emission. The dominant variable in Henry’s Law coefficient is ocean surface temperature. The source of CO2 is not a variable in the CO2 phase-state equilibrium equation which determines CO2 gas solubility in ocean water. Ocean surface is 70% of earth’s surface and ocean contains 98% of all water on earth. CO2 is highly soluble in ocean water, especially in cold ocean water. According to most geology and aquatic chemistry textbooks, ocean water contains about 50 times as much CO2 as atmosphere. The rate (or flux) of CO2 emissions from ocean surface into air (about 90 billion metric tons CO2 per year) is controlled by the amount of ocean surface area above 25.6 degrees C (or 78 F). The rate (or flux) of CO2 absorption into ocean surface (about 90 billion metric tons per year) is determined by the amount of ocean surface area below 25.6 C. These two fluxes (each more than 10 times larger than human CO2 emissions from all sources) are exchanging CO2 gas continuously between an estimated 800 billion metric ton CO2 gas reservoir in the atmosphere and a 1000 billion metric ton aqueous CO2 gas reservoir in ocean surface. In middle and deep ocean there is another slowly circulating CO2 reservoir estimated at 40,000 billion metric tons. The ratio of CO2 gas in air versus ocean surface is determined by Henry’s Law, which is primarily determined by ocean surface temperature. Other factors such as variations in water salinity, alkalinity, and partial pressure are important locally, but average out globally. Human CO2 emission, volcanic CO2 emission temporarily push the Henry’s Law partition ratio out of balance, but the equilibrium is quickly re-balanced to the ratio for ocean surface temperature with no permanent offset in the CO2 concentration or rate of change.  Humans have no control over ocean surface temperature or atmospheric CO2. Do not waste your money or time on this false agenda.

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Stallinga, P. (2020) Comprehensive Analytical Study of the Greenhouse Effect of the Atmosphere. Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, 10, 40-80.

Stallinga, P. and Khmelinskii, I. (2018) Analysis of Temporal Signals of Climate. Natural Science, 10, 393-403. doi: 10.4236/ns.2018.1010037. https://www.scirp.org/pdf/NS_2018101510264849.pdf

Harde, Hermann. (2017) Scrutinizing the carbon cycle and CO2 residence time in the atmosphere,
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Endersbee, Lance. http://icecap.us/images/uploads/Focus_0808_endersbee.pdf

About budbromley

Bud is a retired life sciences executive. Bud's entrepreneurial leadership exceeded three decades. He was the senior business development, marketing and sales executive at four public corporations, each company a supplier of analytical and life sciences instrumentation, software, consumables and service. Prior to those positions, his 19 year career in Hewlett-Packard Company's Analytical Products Group included worldwide sales and marketing responsibility for Bioscience Products, Global Accounts and the International Olympic Committee, as well as international management assignments based in Japan and Latin America. Bud has visited and worked in more than 65 countries and lived and worked in 3 countries.
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